Hakea Prison is the primary male remand, receival and assessments prison for the Perth metropolitan region. It is in the suburb of Canning Vale, 28 kilometres south of Perth. The prison incorporates the former Canning Vale Prison and the CW Campbell Remand Centre. Canning Vale Prison was originally opened in 1982 and had the capacity then to hold 248 prisoners. When the CW Campbell Remand Centre was built, it had the capacity to hold 150 remand prisoners. Over the years both sites were upgraded and expanded and in November 2000, the two adjacent centres were merged to become Hakea Prison. Since the merger, Hakea has continued to undergo significant expansion. New units have been built and facilities upgraded.
Hakea has gone through several changes over the past few years. In 2013, two of the units at Hakea were taken offline, and used to house juvenile detainees after a riot at the Banksia Hill Detention Centre. The intention was to return the units to Hakea once Banksia Hill was restored and settled. The men were not back in the Hakea units for very long when, in 2016, the two units were separated and converted to become the Melaleuca Remand and Reintegration Facility for women.